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Image of the Temple of Philae, near Aswan, Egypt. This is one of the greatest temples in Egypt. The island temple was built during the Ptolemaic dynasty. The principal deity of the temple complex was Isis, but other temples and shrines were dedicated to other deities such as Hathor and Harendotes. The temple was closed down officially in the 6th century AD by the Byzantine emperor, Justinian ( 527-565 AD ). Philae was a seat of the Christian religion as well as of the ancient Egyptian faith. The Philae temple was converted into a church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, until it was closed by Muslim invaders in the 7th century..